The one minute summary on Czech Republic
This is it: one minute to the best info on Czech Republic. This info alone will put you ahead of 99% of foreigners visiting Czech Republic, garner the admiration of the locals who will instantly want to be your friends, and the envy of your fellow travelers. Read on. You’ll make friends faster that way, become a traveler instead of simply being a tourist, and also enjoy your travels a lot more.
At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country’s predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises the Czech Republic and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany.
After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country’s leaders to liberalize communist rule and create “socialism with a human face,” ushering in a period of repression known as “normalization.” The peaceful “Velvet Revolution” swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent “velvet divorce” into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
That was it. I promised one minute.
For other condensed info check also my other posts on local culture (don’t make the mistakes I made), local food or local drinks. And when you call your friends to tell them you were by far the most knowledgeable at the party, do that with confidence that you’ll not get hit with a 6.99 per minute bill. You’ll also pick the local food from the tray, and order a local drink with confidence.
- Cultural Mistakes To Avoid in Czech Republic
- Does my current phone work in Czech Republic ? Tips to cell phone usage in Czech Republic
- Local food you should try in Czech Republic and No miss drinks in Czech Republic
Now, cheers to the most Czech Republic aware person at the cocktail party.
What are the key history moments for Czech Republic?
The Czech region was inhabited by Celtic tribe Boii (after which Bohemia is named) for the first four centuries of the common era. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Celts gave way to Germanic tribes. Another four centuries later, Slavs arrived and, in the 9th century, they founded the Great Moravian Empire, stretching from contemporary Germany to Ukraine. After the fall of Great Moravia, the Bohemian Kingdom was formed, creating a territorial unit called the Lands of the Bohemian Crown which was for most of its history almost identical to the modern Czechia. From 11th to 14th century, massive German colonization of then-unpopulated parts of the kingdom, mostly around borders, occured (known in Germany as Ostsiedlung).
The rise of the Habsburgs led to the Bohemian Kingdom becoming a part of the Austrian Empire, and later Austria-Hungary. After the World War I and the fall of Austria-Hungary, the closely related nations of Czechs and Slovaks merged together to form the new state of Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, the new country managed to remain the only democracy in the region but strong centralization and nationalism resulted in poor relationship with the German (20% of the overall population, more than Slovaks) and Hungarian minorities that was used by Hitler and Horty as a pretext to annex parts of the country just before the outbreak of WWII, at which time Slovakia was forced to secede. The remainder became a protectorate of the German Empire, brutally occupied during the war. After World War II, Czechoslovakia expelled most of its Germans and Hungarians by force.
The country emerged from the war more or less intact because it avoided the fate of the massive air bombardments and heavy battles that reduced the neighbouring countries to ruins. However, the country fell within the Soviet sphere of influence, Communist party take full control of the state and remained so by force until 1989. At the beginning of the 1950s, massive and numerous Soviet-inspired show trial monsterprocesses with subvertive conspiratorial elements took place, the commonly known being the one that sentenced Milada Horáková to death. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact armies ended the efforts of the country’s leaders to liberalize the country and create so called socialism with a human face. Anti-Soviet demonstrations of the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression and conservatism, called normalization.
In November 1989, brutal actions by the police resulted in massive peaceful demonstrations that toppled the Communist government during the final days of the year, in a Velvet Revolution. On 1 January 1993, the country peacefully dissolved in a velvet divorce into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is a member of NATO (since 1999) and EU (since 2004). The Czech flag is the same one formerly used by Czechoslovakia, adopted in 1920.
The one minute summary for Czech Republic geography
Best places to see in Czech Republic
Prague, the capital with its incredible historic center (and famous monuments such as the Astronomical Clock, Charles Bridge, and Prague Castle). Member of the UNESCO World Heritage list. Olomouc, a vibrant university town with the second largest historic center after Prague. Member of the UNESCO World Heritage list. ?eský Krumlov beautiful city with castle and picturesque downtown. Member of UNESCO World Heritage list. Kutná Hora medieval silver mining town contains, except well preserved mining shafts from 1416th century, a lot of Gothic and Baroque sights. Member of UNESCO World Heritage list.
The Macocha Caves , north of Brno, are definitely worth a visit. You can take a guided tour into the caves, which will take you through a myriad of winding tunnels, with close up views of stalactites and stalagmites. The tour ends with a boat ride on an underground river. The Battle of Austerlitz (Slavkovské bojit? in Czech) is one of the most important events in the history of Europe in the early 19th century (Napoleonic Wars). Technical museum in Brno (nice and modern) Lakes under Pálava hills. This lakes are actually river dams but good for sailing and fishing (you must have fishing licence) it’s full of big fishs. Mikul?ice archaeological site, site of the former capital of the Great Moravian Empire (c. 900 AD).