The one minute summary on Ethiopia

This is it: one minute to the best info on Ethiopia. This info alone will put you ahead of 99% of foreigners visiting Ethiopia, garner the admiration of the locals who will instantly want to be your friends, and the envy of your fellow travelers. Read on. You’ll make friends faster that way, become a traveler instead of simply being a tourist, and also enjoy your travels a lot more.

Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state.

Ethiopia photo

Photo by A.Davey

Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia’s first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000.

In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

That was it. I promised one minute.

For other condensed info check also my other posts on local culture (don’t make the mistakes I made), local food or local drinks. And when you call your friends to tell them you were by far the most knowledgeable at the party, do that with confidence that you’ll not get hit with a 6.99 per minute bill. You’ll also pick the local food from the tray, and order a local drink with confidence.

  1. Cultural Mistakes To Avoid in  Ethiopia
  2. Does my current phone work in  Ethiopia  Tips to cell phone usage in  Ethiopia
  3. Local food you should try in  Ethiopia and No miss drinks in  Ethiopia

Now, cheers to the most Ethiopia aware person at the cocktail party.

What are the key history moments for Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the oldest independent nations in the world. It has long been an intersection between the civilizations of North Africa, the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. Unique among African countries, Ethiopia was never colonized, maintaining its independence throughout the “Scramble for Africa”, except for five years (1936-41) when it was under Italian military occupation.

Ethiopia photo

Photo by Ahron de Leeuw

During this period, the Italians occupied only a few key cities and major routes, and faced continuing native resistance until they were finally defeated during the Second World War by a joint Ethiopian-British alliance. Ethiopia has long been a member of international organizations: it became a member of the League of Nations, signed the Declaration by United Nations in 1942, founded the UN headquarters in Africa, was one of the 51 original members of the UN, and is the headquarters for and one of the founding members of the former OAU and current AU. In 1974, its monarchist government was deposed, and replaced with a pro-Soviet military junta, which ruled Ethiopia for 17 years until the end of the Cold War. Ethiopia was historically called Abyssinia, derived from the Arabic form of the Ethiosemitic name BT, modern Habesha.

In some countries, Ethiopia is still called by names cognate with “Abyssinia”, e.g., Turkish Habesistan, meaning land of the Habesha people. The English name “Ethiopia” is thought to be derived from the Greek word  Aithiopia, from  Aithiops “an Ethiopian”, derived from Greek terms meaning “of burnt -) visage “. However, this etymology is disputed, since the Book of Aksum, a Ge’ez chronicle first composed in the 15th century, states that the name is derived from ‘Ityopp’is, a son (unmentioned in the Bible) of Cush, son of Ham who according to legend founded the city of Axum.

The one minute summary for Ethiopia geography

Best places to see in Ethiopia

Historic Routes, churches and Mosques Lalibella,Axum, Gonder, Harar Tribal region safari Lower Omo Valley Volcanic lake Danakil depression and Ereta ale:- Other worldly Adventure Rift valley lakes Wonchi crater lake, Lanano,abay chamo National Parks Towns Bahir Dar, Hawassa