The one minute summary on
This is it: one minute to the best info on Grenada. This info alone will put you ahead of 99% of foreigners visiting Grenada, garner the admiration of the locals who will instantly want to be your friends, and the envy of your fellow travelers. Read on. You’ll make friends faster that way, become a traveler instead of simply being a tourist, and also enjoy your travels a lot more.
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained un colonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production.
In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time.
That was it. I promised one minute.
For other condensed info check also my other posts on local culture (don’t make the mistakes I made), local food or local drinks. And when you call your friends to tell them you were by far the most knowledgeable at the party, do that with confidence that you’ll not get hit with a 6.99 per minute bill. You’ll also pick the local food from the tray, and order a local drink with confidence.
- Cultural Mistakes To Avoid in Grenada
- Does my current phone work in Grenada ? Tips to cell phone usage in Grenada
- Local food you should try in Grenada and No miss drinks in Grenada
Now, cheers to the most Grenada aware person at the cocktail party.
What are the key history moments for Grenada?
Christopher Columbus discovered Grenada in 1498. The island was already inhabited by the Carib Indians, who had migrated from the South American mainland, killing or enslaving the peaceful Arawaks who were already inhabitants there. The Amerindians called their island Camerhogue, but Columbus renamed it Concepción. However, passing Spanish sailors found its lush green hills so evocative of Andalusia that they rejected this name in favor of Granada. Over the centuries, although control of the island passed from France to Britain (and briefly back to France again), the name endured with just the slightest of alterations, changing from “Granada” to “La Grenade” to “Grenada”.
The French were the first to settle Grenada. Legend holds that in 1652 the last of the defending Caribs rather than be ruled by the French, threw themselves into the sea from a spot that was christened Le Morne des Sauteurs, and is known today as Leapers’ Hill and Carib’s Leap. Exploited first for indigo (hence the name of an area “True Blue”), and later for sugar production, the island prospered and, like many others in the Caribbean, attracted the attention of the British.
Captured by Admiral George Rodney in 1762, near the end of the European Seven Years’ War (1756-63), Grenada reverted to French rule from 1779 until 1783 when the island was restored to Britain by the Treaty of Versailles. The inhabitants’ loyalties remained divided between the two European powers for many years, as illustrated by Fedon’s Rebellion of 1795. In the course of this violent episode, a group of rebels under the command of the mulatto General Julien Fedon, and inspired by the rhetoric of the French Revolution wreaked havoc on the island and its British settlers in an unsuccessful attempt to reunite with France. From 1784 until its independence in 1974, Grenada remained a member of the British Empire, passing through various stages of colonial status and multiple associations with other regional states.
In 1967, Grenada became an “Associated State of Great Britain” within the British Commonwealth. With this, the island nation gained control of its internal affairs, while the government of Britain continued to control external matters. Early in the twentieth century, it produced one of the region’s outstanding leaders, T. Albert Marryshow. His Representative Government Association, which inspired similar movements in other Windward Islands states and in Trinidad, did much to encourage the liberalization of British rule in the Caribbean.
It is ironic that the achievement in 1950 of universal adult suffrage, long a goal of Marryshow’s, led directly to his displacement in Grenadian political life by a new figure, Eric Matthew Gairy. Whereas Marryshow had been a man of the middle class, Gairy and his Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) appealed to the lower class, the peasantry. Suddenly empowered by the vote, Gairy’s supporters swept him to the leadership of the Legislative Council in 1951; he dominated the island’s politics for almost three decades.
The most successful electoral challenge to Gairy between 1951 and 1979 was posed by Herbert Blaize’s Grenada National Party (GNP) in 1961, mainly on the issue of union with Trinidad and Tobago (the “unitary state” proposal). Again reflecting the Grenadian penchant for looking outward for support and viability, the GNP campaigned on a platform urging acceptance of the Trinidadian offer of union. Although Blaize’s party won the election, it subsequently lost a large measure of prestige and credibility when Trinidad failed to follow through on the proposal. The GNP’s fall from grace paved the way for the return of Gairy, who has never tired of the role of political savior of his country.
Complete independence was achieved in 1974, with significant opposition, under the leadership of the late Sir Eric Gairy — a charismatic and controversial figure who had been in the public eye since the early 1950s. In 1979, after a Coup d’etat, an attempt was made to set up a socialist/communist state in Grenada. Four years later, at the request of the Governor General, the United States, Jamaica, and the Eastern Caribbean States intervened militarily. Launching their now famous “rescue mission”, the allied forces restored order, and in December of 1984 a general election re-established democratic government. The last 23 years have been a peaceful, democratic and fruitful back to normal existence, which has included many new building structures and vastly improved infrastructure.
The one minute summary for Grenada geography
Best places to see in Grenada
There is so much to see in Grenada … historic forts, lakes, waterfalls, spice estates – some of them still operational today, spice gardens, floral gardens (Grenada won its 7th Gold Medal at the Chelsea Flower Show in London in 2009), rum distilleries (with generous samples), plantation houses, Amerindian petroglyphs, etc. Note: Some of the sites noted below may be closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Check in-advance. Seven Sister Waterfalls Morne Rouge Beach Belmont Estate Located in St Patrick only an hours scenic drive from the islands capital, St. George. Belmont Estate is a unique and authentic 17th century plantation that offers guests an opportunity to participate in and observe the workings of a fully functional historic plantation.
Belmont Estate has forged a strategic alliance with The Grenada Chocolate Company , to make the world’s finest dark organic chocolate. The Grenada Chocolate Company and Belmont Estate are members of the Grenada Organic Cocoa Farmers Co-operative Society Ltd., that grow organic cocoa to make the product. The co-operative consists of about twelve farmers that have received organic certification through the German certifying company Ceres.
The fine restaurant on property is usually closed on weekends, and reservations are recommended on other days. Grand Etang Nature Reserve is in the parish of St. Andrew and is famous for its Crater lake. Mt. Qua Qua is a mountain within the Grand Etang Nature Reserve. Mt. St. Catherine is with 840 meters (2756 feet) the highest mountain in Grenada. Concord Waterfalls are 3 Waterfalls located at Concord in St. John. Annandale Waterfall in the St. George’s district. Mt. Carmel Waterfall is the highest Waterfall in Grenada. Seven Sister Waterfalls is a group of 7 Waterfalls close to the Grand Etang Nature Reserve in St. Andrew. Honeymoon Waterfall is secluded in the rain forest close to the Seven Sister Waterfalls. River Antoine Rum Distillery is the oldest Rum Factory in the western hemisphere and still operating with a water wheel. Clark’s Court Distillery is in the St. George district and is famous for a wide variety of rum products.
Westerhall Rum Distillery Westerhall Estate in St. David’s. Visit the Museum. Take a tour of the ruins and sample their award winning rums. Dougaldston Estate is the oldest Spice Plantation in Grenada – close to Gouyave in the parish of St John. Gouyave Nutmeg Factory a “must do” in Grenada the “spice island”. Carib’s Leap a historic place in the north of the island where the last Carib Indians jumped from a high cliff. Grand Anse Beach the most famous beach in Grenada and in the tourist belt. Morne Rouge Bay one of the most beautiful beaches in Grenada – secluded and close to the Grand Anse area. Levera Beach nice secluded Beach in the north of Grenada with view of the Grenadines. Bathway Beach a famous black-sand beach in the north of Grenada with a nature pool.
Black Bay Beach secluded black beach on the west coast of Grenada (close to the Concord Waterfalls) Fort George above the main town of St. George´s with a beautiful view of the town and the Carenage. Fort Frederick high above the sea with outstanding views of St. George´s, Grand Anse, Grand Etang and the southern part of the island. Marketplace nice Caribbean market with newly renovated spice market hall in St. George’s – great for spices and fresh fruits & vegetables. Bay Gardens a tropical Garden with a rain forest style – located in the St. Paul`s area of St George’s. ‘”St. George’s University'” The School of Medicine opened in 1976 and now offers a range of graduate programs. The True Blue campus features breathtaking panoramic views of the south of island and is ideal for sunset viewing.