The one minute summary on United Kingdom
This is it: one minute to the best info on United Kingdom. This info alone will put you ahead of 99% of foreigners visiting United Kingdom, garner the admiration of the locals who will instantly want to be your friends, and the envy of your fellow travelers. Read on. You’ll make friends faster that way, become a traveler instead of simply being a tourist, and also enjoy your travels a lot more.
The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth’s surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK’s strength seriously depleted in two world wars and the Irish Republic’s withdrawal from the union.
The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council and a founding member of NATO and the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy. The UK is also an active member of the EU, although it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1999. The latter was suspended until May 2007 due to wrangling over the peace process, but devolution was fully completed in March 2010.
That was it. I promised one minute.
For other condensed info check also my other posts on local culture (don’t make the mistakes I made), local food or local drinks. And when you call your friends to tell them you were by far the most knowledgeable at the party, do that with confidence that you’ll not get hit with a 6.99 per minute bill. You’ll also pick the local food from the tray, and order a local drink with confidence.
- Cultural Mistakes To Avoid in United Kingdom
- Does my current phone work in United Kingdom ? Tips to cell phone usage in United Kingdom
- Local food you should try in United Kingdom and No miss drinks in United Kingdom
Now, cheers to the most United Kingdom aware person at the cocktail party.
What are the key history moments for United Kingdom?
History History Stone Age, Roman age and the Dark Ages before 1066 The inhabitants of the United Kingdom have had a tendency to try to leave their mark on the landscape of the UK. For the length of recorded history they have been leaving little marks for the tourists of the future to enjoy. This started with our prehistoric cousins who left their mark in stone circles and mounds at such places such as Stonehenge and Avebury.
Obviously these sites started as places of religious observance but today give us a glimpse of the past. Then came the Romans, who as well as leaving roads, married the natives and left great marks such as villas at Fishbourne, Baths at Bath, Hadrian’s wall in the north of England, and roman walls and building all over the country, including in London , Lincoln, York and Cirencester (The capitals of the four British provinces in the late Roman period) After the Romans left, the United Kingdom fell along with the rest of Western Europe into the dark ages.
Even during this period when much of the learning, cilivation and culture of the Roman period was lost, The people of the United Kingdom continued to make their mark on the landscape of the country, with elaborate burial mounds such as the ones at Sutton Hoo the treasures of which can now been see in the British museum. As time progressed waves of migrants and invaders came from the present day Germany, Denmark and Norway brought with them a new language and new culture.
History Norman and Medieval periods 1066 to 1603. 1066 saw a major change in the history of the United Kingdom as the Kingdom of England was conquered by the Normans from Northern France. As a means to consolidate their power during the 11th and 12th centuries, they went on a building spree, building castles and churches, including the Tower of London and castles at Windsor, Durham and Warwick amongst others and wonderful cathedrals at Canterbury, Norwich, Lincoln, Durham and York. As the Normans extended their power in Wales in the 13th century, there was more castle building with Conwy, Caernarfon and Harlech. In Scotland too, great castles were built at Stirling and Edinburgh . History 1603 1900 Britain is littered with historical sites from the Stuart, Georgian, Regency and Victorian era.
There are fine examples of English country houses at Blenheim, Chatsworth and the Royal pavilion at Brighton which shows royal regency splender by the sea. There are fine examples of classic Georgian cities in Edinburgh and Bath. The industrial revolution saw a huge increase in the population and a migration towards the cities and the development of heavy industry. Some key sites from this period include the Ironbridge, site of the worlds first all iron bridge, the mills of Saltaire and New Lanark. Other Victorian treats include St Pancras station in London, The Houses of Parliament, and the Royal Albert Hall, Tower Bridge in London, Forth Bridge in Edinburgh and Glasgow and Manchester Town Halls. Modern Britain 20th and 21st Centuries The early 20th century saw the heyday of the British seaside resort, with towns like Blackpool seeing millions of visitors to their beaches, theatres and entertainment every year.
In Liverpool the two great cathedrals of the 20th century dominate the skyline, and then there are other modern treats, the domes of the Eden project in Cornwall, the Angel of the North outside of Newcastle and the new Titanic Quarter in Belfast. Sport United Kingdom can be called the home of sport as it was the birthplace of four of the worlds major sports, association football, rugby football, tennis and cricket. There are shrines to these sports all over the country (Wembley, Old Trafford, Anfield and Hampden Park for football; Twickenham and Murrayfield for rugby; Lords for cricket and the All England club at Wimbledon for tennis). Landmarks Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, is a magnificently situated royal fortress located on one of the highest points in the city.
The castle has been continuously in use for 1000 years and is in excellent condition. Stonehenge is an ancient stone circle located near the cathedral city of Salisbury in Wiltshire.
The Georgian architecture and Roman baths in Bath. York Minster (Cathedral) in the historic city of York. Canterbury Cathedral is the seat of the head of the church of England. Located in the city of Canterbury in Kent Shakespeare’s Birthplace, Stratford-Upon-Avon, is home of the Royal Shakespeare Company.
The ancient and world-renowned universities of Oxford and Cambridge The Eden Project near St Austell is a massive botanical gardens including indoor rainforest and Merranean biodomes. The Giant’s Causeway sixty miles from Belfast on the north coast of Northern Ireland is a World Heritage site and a natural wonder. Portsmouth Historic Dockyard is home to three of the most important ships ever built and 800 years of naval history.
The one minute summary for United Kingdom geography
Best places to see in United Kingdom
From Lands’ End in the south to John OGroats and Duncansby Head in the North, there is so much to see in the United Kingdom, which is home to 25 Unecso world heritage sites. There are hundreds of free museums to enjoy across the country, many thousands of municipal parks to stroll through, tens of thousands of interesting communities to visit and many millions of acres of countryside to ramble across . It is much more than just rain and seeing whether the Queen is at home at Buckingham Palace. Cities London Samuel Johnson once wrote a man who is tired of London is tired of life. This is still true, as London is home to a wide range of attractions: art at galleries such as the National Gallery, The National Portrait Gallery, The Tate and the Tate Modern, amongst others.
There are cultural treats in the theatres and cinema of the West End and South Bank, and the recreated home of Shakespeare in the capital, the Globe. There are all the traditional tourist sites to see such as Buckingham Palace, The Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, St Pauls Cathedral, Trafalgar Square and the London Eye. Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland was initially centred on the Old Town, the castle and Holyrood Palace, but the New Town is a Georgian masterpiece. Both the Old Town and the New Town are UNESCO World Heritage sites. Oxford and Cambridge The two ancient university towns allow you to wander amongst the dreaming spires, to punt on the river and to at certain times walk through the college quadrangles.
Parks and Nature National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the UK The United Kingdom has an array of National Parks and designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty that serve to preserve the country’s natural heritage. There are 14 National Parks in total spread across England, Scotland and Wales (9 in England, 2 in Scotland and 3 in Wales) and 49 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (35 in England, 4 in Wales, 9 in Northern Ireland and 1 in both England and Wales).
There are no Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Scotland, but there are the equivalent National Scenic Areas, of which there are 35 spread across the country The British countryside has lots to offer, In the south there are the rolling countryside and picturesque villages of the Cotswolds and the Jurassic coast. In the east, there is the tranquillity of the Fens.
The north has the magnificent scenery and outdoor activities in the Lake District and the Peak District. Wales offers the ruggedness of the Snowdonia National Park and the beautiful beaches of the Gower. Scotland has the vast wilderness of the Highlands and the beauty of the islands. Northern Ireland is blessed with the Giant’s Causeway as well as the north Antrim coast.