The one minute summary on Zambia

This is it: one minute to the best info on Zambia. This info alone will put you ahead of 99% of foreigners visiting Zambia, garner the admiration of the locals who will instantly want to be your friends, and the envy of your fellow travelers. Read on. You’ll make friends faster that way, become a traveler instead of simply being a tourist, and also enjoy your travels a lot more.

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, economic mismanagement and a prolonged drought hurt the economy.

zambia photo

Photo by Old Fogey 1942

Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his vice president, Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential by-election in October 2008. Michael SATA was elected president in September 2011.

That was it. I promised one minute.

For other condensed info check also my other posts on local culture (don’t make the mistakes I made), local food or local drinks. And when you call your friends to tell them you were by far the most knowledgeable at the party, do that with confidence that you’ll not get hit with a 6.99 per minute bill. You’ll also pick the local food from the tray, and order a local drink with confidence.

  1. Cultural Mistakes To Avoid in  Zambia
  2. Does my current phone work in  Zambia ? Tips to cell phone usage in  Zambia
  3. Local food you should try in  Zambia and No miss drinks in  Zambia

Now, cheers to the most Zambia aware person at the cocktail party.

What are the key history moments for Zambia?

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by Cecil Rhodes’s British South Africa Company from 1891 until it was formally administered as a British crown colony in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. Britain tried to administer Northern Rhodesia in a federation with Nysaland (Malawi) and Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) however this was opposed by Northern Rhodesian which was concerned that the majority of the investment and money would flow to the south.

During this period to help build the economy the British built the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi River creating Lake Kariba, one of Africa’s largest lakes and providing hydro electric power for the area. The British granted self rule to their colonies in the period after the Second World War and after abandoning the federation idea Northern Rhodesia transferred to self government. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, one party democracy under Kenneth Kaunda and a prolonged drought hurt the economy.

zambia photo

Photo by Sara&Joachim

However Zambia under Kaunda was a staunch anti-Apartheid supporter, one of the only countries in the region to be so. As such it provided a base for the ANC to operate from, the current South African President Jacob Zuma was at the time based in Lusaka. This created huge obstacles to Zambia, with South Rhodesia under Ian Smith’s white rule invading and actually bombing Lusaka and with South Africa cutting its economic ties and attempting its own “sanctions” against the Zambians.

Kaunda never wavered in his support of the anti-Apartheid movement and, despite the economic hardships and physical danger it brought, neither did the Zambian people.This is something little acknowledged in South Africa now and indeed around the world but something the Zambians and Kaunda in particular are rightly proud of. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties.

The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with at least two parties filing legal petitions challenging the results. Zambia transitioned to a proper functioning democracy with the advent of Levy Mwanawasa as President. He led the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) to power with a platform of stamping out corruption. Following Mwanawasa’s untimely death in office Zambia went on to the 2011 election and claimed the title of being one of the few African countries to have a sitting President lose an election.

The peaceful election was taken as an indicator of how far Zambia had come and is viewed as a model African democracy. The current President Sata has moved Zambia to be one of the few African countries with a modern electoral system and one not ravaged by racial tension and issues.

The one minute summary for Zambia geography

Best places to see in Zambia